Freeman J, Avons S E, Davidoff J, Pearson D E, 1997, "Effects of stereo and motion manipulations on measured presence in stereoscopic displays" Perception 26 ECVP Abstract Supplement
Effects of stereo and motion manipulations on measured presence in stereoscopic displays
J Freeman, S E Avons, J Davidoff, D E Pearson
Methods of assessing presence, a sense of `being there' within a displayed virtual environment, include post-test subjective measures, discrimination tests, and monitoring reflexive responses. Each is limited--either they do not provide a measure of temporal variation, are not feasible with current display technology or are overly content-specific.
A measure of presence derived from the method of continuous evaluation (ITU-R, Recommendation BT.500-7, revised, "Methodology for the subjective assessment of the quality of television pictures", 1995) has been used to overcome these limitations. The results of two experiments are presented. Those of the first experiment established that the methodology is usable under the optimal viewing conditions for the 20 inch stereoscopic TV display upon which our stimuli were presented. It compares within-subject variation on continuous TV picture quality ratings under two viewing conditions--at six picture heights in the light (standard for quality evaluations) and at two picture heights in the dark (optimal stereo TV viewing). The second experiment investigated the effects of manipulations of the visual parameters of stereo, scene motion, and observer-based motion on participants' presence evaluations within edited sections of a stereoscopic film. The results provide support for theories predicting that the extent of sensory information available to a participant is one of the factors determining presence.