Baker D H, Graf E W, 2009, "Surround motion affects speed encoding at an early stage of processing" Perception 38 ECVP Abstract Supplement, page 9
Surround motion affects speed encoding at an early stage of processing
D H Baker, E W Graf
Surround motion can strongly modulate the perceived speed of a central stimulus, yet the mechanisms behind this process are unknown. Using translating gratings (1 cycle deg-1, 1 deg s-1) surrounded by filtered noise textures, we conducted experiments to measure spatiotemporal tuning, contrast dependency and envelope properties of surround modulation in two directions. Plotted in terms of relative surround speed, perceived (matched) speed followed a sigmoidal function, saturating at the fastest speeds, ruling out a simple differencing process. Effect size increased with temporal frequency (speed * SF) and showed some spatial frequency tuning. Reductions in perceived speed saturated as a function of surround contrast and were constant with envelope blur. Perceived speed increases were weaker for sharper envelopes, but increased with surround contrast. We then asked whether surround effects occur before or after pattern motion computation. Using plaid stimuli with components ±45°, we measured the PSE for global plaid direction with and without surrounds drifting along the motion axis of one component. We observed substantial shifts (up to 20°) in the perceived plaid direction, consistent with surround-induced perceived speed changes. No effect was found for a grating drifting in the pattern direction. This suggests that surround effects occur before pattern integration in extra-striate areas (MT).
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