Norman J F, Crabtree C E, Norman H F, Moncrief B K, Herrmann M, Kapley N, 2006, "Aging and the visual, haptic, and cross-modal perception of natural object shape" Perception 35(10) 1383 – 1395
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Aging and the visual, haptic, and cross-modal perception of natural object shape
J Farley Norman, Charles E Crabtree, Hideko F Norman, Brandon K Moncrief, Molly Herrmann, Noah Kapley
Received 31 August 2005, in revised form 28 December 2005; published online 25 October 2006
Abstract. One hundred observers participated in two experiments designed to investigate aging and the perception of natural object shape. In the experiments, younger and older observers performed either a same/different shape discrimination task (experiment 1) or a cross-modal matching task (experiment 2). Quantitative effects of age were found in both experiments. The effect of age in experiment 1 was limited to cross-modal shape discrimination: there was no effect of age upon unimodal (ie within a single perceptual modality) shape discrimination. The effect of age in experiment 2 was eliminated when the older observers were either given an unlimited amount of time to perform the task or when the number of response alternatives was decreased. Overall, the results of the experiments reveal that older observers can effectively perceive 3-D shape from both vision and haptics.
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