Suganuma M, Yokosawa K, 2006, "Grouping and trajectory storage in multiple object tracking: Impairments due to common item motions" Perception 35(4) 483 – 495
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Grouping and trajectory storage in multiple object tracking: Impairments due to common item motions
Mutsumi Suganuma, Kazuhiko Yokosawa
Received 13 January 2004, in revised form 22 June 2005
Abstract. In our natural viewing, we notice that objects change their locations across space and time. However, there has been relatively little consideration of the role of motion information in the construction and maintenance of object representations. We investigated this question in the context of the multiple object tracking (MOT) paradigm, wherein observers must keep track of target objects as they move randomly amid featurally identical distractors. In three experiments, we observed impairments in tracking ability when the motions of the target and distractor items shared particular properties. Specifically, we observed impairments when the target and distractor items were in a chasing relationship or moved in a uniform direction. Surprisingly, tracking ability was impaired by these manipulations even when observers failed to notice them. Our results suggest that differentiable trajectory information is an important factor in successful performance of MOT tasks. More generally, these results suggest that various types of common motion can serve as cues to form more global object representations even in the absence of other grouping cues.
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