Kennedy J M, Bai J, 2000, "Cavanagh and Leclerc shape-from-shadow pictures: Do line versions fail because of the polarity of the regions or the contour?" Perception 29(4) 399 – 408
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Cavanagh and Leclerc shape-from-shadow pictures: Do line versions fail because of the polarity of the regions or the contour?
John M Kennedy, Juan Bai
Received 2 August 1999, in revised form 4 November 1999
Abstract. Shape-from-shadow perception fails when the contour bordering a shadowed area is reduced to a black line, and the shadow area becomes white. It might be that the polarity of the shadowed and illuminated areas has to be from dark on the shadowed side to light on the illuminated side for successful perception. Or it may be that the line, which has two contours, has one too many for shape-from-shadow processing. Alternatively, the problem might be that one of the contours of the line is incorrectly polarised. To test these explanations, three shape-from-shadow figures were prepared, each depicting the same referent -- an elderly person. All three figures had two correctly polarised areas. One figure had a correctly polarised contour at the border between the areas. One had two correctly polarised contours. The other had one correctly polarised contour and one incorrectly polarised contour. The referent of the figure with one incorrectly polarised contour was the one difficult to make out. The result has implications for several theories, including an account of a demonstration by Hering involving penumbra.
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