Yajima T, Ujike H, Uchikawa K, 1998, "Apparent depth with retinal image motion of expansion and contraction yoked to head movement" Perception 27(8) 937 – 949
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Apparent depth with retinal image motion of expansion and contraction yoked to head movement
Takanao Yajima, Hiroyasu Ujike, Keiji Uchikawa
Received 18 December 1996, in revised form 22 July 1998
Abstract. The two main questions addressed in this study were (a) what effect does yoking the relative expansion and contraction (EC) of retinal images to forward and backward head movements have on the resultant magnitude and stability of perceived depth, and (b) how does this relative EC image motion interact with the depth cues of motion parallax? Relative EC image motion was produced by moving a small CCD camera toward and away from the stimulus, two random-dot surfaces separated in depth, in synchrony with the observers' forward and backward head movements. Observers viewed the stimuli monocularly, on a helmet-mounted display, while moving their heads at various velocities, including zero velocity. The results showed that (a) the magnitude of perceived depth was smaller with smaller head velocities (<10 cm s-1), including the zero-head-velocity condition, than with a larger velocity (10 cm s-1), and (b) perceived depth, when motion parallax and the EC image motion cues were simultaneously presented, is equal to the greater of the two possible perceived depths produced from either of these two cues alone. The results suggested the role of nonvisual information of self-motion on perceiving depth.
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