Cicerone C M, Hoffman D D, 1997, "Color from motion: dichoptic activation and a possible role in breaking camouflage" Perception 26(11) 1367 – 1380
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Color from motion: dichoptic activation and a possible role in breaking camouflage
Carol M Cicerone, Donald D Hoffman
Received 31 May 1996, in revised form 14 April 1997
Abstract. 'Color from motion' describes the perception of a spread of subjective color over achromatic regions seen as moving. The effect can be produced in a display of multiple frames shown in quick succession, each frame consisting of a fixed, random placement of colored dots on a high-luminance white background with color assignments of some dots, but not dot locations, changing from frame to frame. Evidence is presented that the perception of apparent motion and the spread of subjective color can be activated by binocular combination of disjoint signals to each eye. The dichoptic presentation of every odd-numbered frame of the full stimulus sequence presented to one eye and, out of phase, every even-numbered frame to the other eye produces a compelling perception of color from motion equal to that seen with the full sequence presented to each eye alone. This is consistent with the idea that color from motion is regulated in sites at or beyond the convergence of monocular pathways. When the background field in the stimulus display is of low luminance, an amodally complete object, fully colored and matching the dots defining the moving region in hue and saturation, is seen to move behind a partially occluding screen. Observers do not perceive such an object in still view. Hence, color from motion can be used by the visual system to produce amodal completion, which suggests that it may play a role in enhancing the visibility of camouflaged objects.
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