Ziegler L R, Hess R F, 1997, "Depth perception during diplopia is direct" Perception 26(10) 1225 – 1230
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Depth perception during diplopia is direct
Lynn R Ziegler, Robert F Hess
Received 18 May 1997, in revised form 28 August 1997
Abstract. Although depth is experienced with targets at large disparities when they are seen as double or diplopic, whether that depth is as direct as with fused targets has been a matter of considerable uncertainty. Researchers have often claimed that judgments of the depth of diplopic targets during simple near/far tasks rely upon indirect associations with eye-muscle proprioception or a copy of the vergence drive signal. We designed a four-alternative task that could not be performed without a direct appreciation of depth. Observers judged the depths of each of two Gabor stereo pairs presented simultaneously. Disparities were always above each observer's measured diplopia threshold. The signs of the disparities were varied independently and observers reported the perceived depth near and far for each target. Our results demonstrate conclusively thatdepth during diplopia requires neither proprioception nor an efferent copy but is direct.
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