Kitazaki M, Shimojo S, 1996, "'Generic-view principle' for three-dimensional-motion perception: Optics and inverse optics of a moving straightbar" Perception 25(7) 797 – 814
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'Generic-view principle' for three-dimensional-motion perception: Optics and inverse optics of a moving straightbar
Michiteru Kitazaki, Shinsuke Shimojo
Received 21 September 1995, in revised form 18 March 1996
Abstract. The generic-view principle (GVP) states that given a 2-D image the visual system interprets it as a generic view of a 3-D scene when possible. The GVP was applied to 3-D-motion perception to show how the visual system decomposes retinal image motion into three components of 3-D motion: stretch/shrinkage, rotation, and translation. First, the optical process of retinal image motion was analyzed, and predictions were made based on the GVP in the inverse-optical process. Then experiments were conducted in which the subject judged perception of stretch/shrinkage, rotation in depth, and translation in depth for a moving bar stimulus. Retinal-image parameters -- 2-D stretch/shrinkage, 2-D rotation, and 2-D translation -- were manipulated categorically and exhaustively. The results were highly consistent with the predictions. The GVP seems to offer a broad and general framework for understanding the ambiguity-solving process in motion perception. Its relationship to other constraints such as that of rigidity is discussed.