Long G M, Homolka J L, 1992, "Contrast sensitivity during horizontal visual pursuit: dynamic sensitivity functions" Perception 21(6) 753 – 764
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Contrast sensitivity during horizontal visual pursuit: dynamic sensitivity functions
Gerald M Long, Joyce L Homolka
Received 22 September 1991, in revised form 22 January 1992
Abstract. The contrast sensitivity functions of college students for grating targets presented at angular velocities of 0, 30, 60, and 90 deg s-1 were determined for target durations of 200 and 600 ms. The most pronounced effects of target movement were evident at the mid to high spatial frequencies in which sensitivity was markedly reduced as velocity increased. These adverse effects were greatest in the 200 ms condition, in which performance was largely limited to the saccadic eye movement system. In the 600 ms condition, in which both saccadic and smooth pursuit eye movements were possible, contrast sensitivity for the low-frequency target actually improved significantly for the 30 and 60 deg s-1 targets, whereas only adverse effects of target motion were found for targets of mid and high spatial frequencies. The results are discussed in terms of the limitations of traditional visual assessment procedures and the practical and theoretical benefits of conceptualizing the joint effects of target composition and target movement.
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