de Vries M J, Yakimoff N, Spekreijse H, 1989, "Adaptation to suprathreshold contrast and luminance stimuli" Perception 18(5) 615 – 625
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Adaptation to suprathreshold contrast and luminance stimuli
Meindert J de Vries, Naum Yakimoff, Henk Spekreijse
Received 24 May 1988, in revised form 1 December 1988
Abstract. The temporal and spatial properties of the difference in perceived contrast and brightness of two suprathreshold stimuli presented successively in different retinal locations were determined. Stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) was varied and the perceived contrast or brightness of the first stimulus (SI) was measured as a function of SOA by matching the contrast or luminance of the second stimulus (S2) to that of SI. The two stimuli overlapped in time for 200 ms to allow the comparison to be made. The adjusted values for S2 could well be fitted with an exponential decay function of SOA. For luminance increments and decrements the time constant for this function was 253 ms; for checkerboards with checks of size 16 min square the time constant was 164 ms. The difference in perceived contrast was dependent on initial contrast in a nonlinear fashion. It increased with increasing check size and was independent of the mean luminance and spatial proximity of the two stimuli. The phenomenon was observed with different pattern types and with dichoptic presentation, but could only be seen when direct comparison of the two stimuli was possible.
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